HMS Bristol war ein leichter Kreuzer der Bristol-Klasse. Obwohl sie das Namensschiff der Klasse war, war sie das letzte, das vom Stapel gelassen und als letztes fertiggestellt wurde. In den vier Jahren vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg diente sie in der Home Fleet (1910-1913), Second Fleet (1913), 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron (1913-1914) und der 5th Cruiser Squadron (1914).
Bei Kriegsausbruch trat sie dem 5. Kreuzergeschwader auf den Westindischen Inseln bei. Dort hatte sie ihre erste Begegnung mit deutschen Kreuzern, als sie die SMS . engagierte Karlsruhe in einem kurzen Gefecht (6. August). Die Karlsruhe fuhr fort, sechzehn alliierte Schiffe zu versenken, bevor sie am 4. November 1914 explodierte.
Die Bristol war eines der Schiffe, die nach dem deutschen Sieg bei Coronel auf die Falklandinseln geschickt wurden. Sie war somit bei der Schlacht um die Falklandinseln (8. Dezember 1914) anwesend. Am Morgen der Schlacht die Bristol ließ sie feuern und nahm Kohle auf. Als sie Dampf gemacht hatte, war die Jagd bereits im Gange und es war zu spät für sie, daran teilzunehmen. Stattdessen wurde sie nach den deutschen Bergwerken geschickt (mit der AMC Mazedonien). Nach der Schlacht die Bristol nahm an der Jagd nach der SMS teil Dresden, der einzige deutsche Kreuzer, der von den Falklandinseln entkommen konnte, aber er war nicht Teil des Geschwaders, das sie schließlich fand.
Die Bristol diente 1915 im Mittelmeer, 1916-17 an der Adria und 1918 in Südamerika. Nach dem Krieg wurde sie im Juni 1919 in die Reserve einbezahlt und 1921 zur Auflösung verkauft.
5300t tiefe Last
5.070 Seemeilen bei 16kts
Rüstung – Deck
Zwei 6-in-50-Kaliber-Verschluss, der Mk XI . lädt
23. Februar 1910
Bücher zum Ersten Weltkrieg |Themenverzeichnis: Erster Weltkrieg
HMS Bristol (1711)
HMS Bristol war ein viertklassiges Linienschiff mit 50 Kanonen, das im ersten Jahrzehnt des 18. Jahrhunderts für die Royal Navy gebaut wurde.
- 50 Waffen:
- Gundeck: 22 × 18-pdr-Kanone
- Oberes Geschütz: 22 × 9-Pdr-Kanone
- Achterdeck: 4 × 6-Pdr-Kanone
- Vorschiff: 2 × 6-Pdr-Kanone
- 50 Waffen:
- Gundeck: 22 × 24-Pdr-Kanone
- Oberes Geschützdeck: 22 × 12-Pdr-Kanone
- Achterdeck: 4 × 6-Pdr-Kanone
- Vorschiff: 2 × 6-Pdr-Kanone
Melden Sie sich für unseren täglichen Newsletter an
Aber die Vereinbarung soll "Ende 2020" eingestellt werden, sagte die Marine und ließ Zweifel an Bristols Zukunft aufkommen.
Eine Petition an die Nationalmuseum der Royal Navy Die Überlegung, das Schiff zu übernehmen, wurde bisher von fast 7.500 Menschen unterstützt.
Und nun, Stadtverwaltung von Portsmouth Führer Gerald Vernon-Jackson hat sein Gewicht hinter die Kampagne geworfen, um Bristol zu retten.
Sprechen mit Die Nachrichten, Stadtrat Vernon-Jackson sagte: "Portsmouth Historic Dockyard hat ein Tudor-Schiff in der Mary Rose, ein georgianisches Schiff in der HMS Victory, es hat ein viktorianisches in der HMS Warrior - was es nicht hat, ist ein großes, graues" Metallschiff zur Sammlung hinzuzufügen.
Einige Bristol Men of Nelsons Navy.
Christopher Beaty, 33, Quarter Gunner, HMS Bellerephon.
George Beck, 25, Kapitänsschreiber an Bord der HMS Defiance. 1805, Lohn an Mutter
George Bedford, 23, AB, HMS Naiad
Abraham Bennett, 17, Junge 2. Klasse, 1805, HMS Thunderer
John Bennett, 23, AB, 1805, HMS Orion von HMS Desiree
William Blake, Landsman, Marshfield, Glos
Walter Bond, 30, Quarter Gunner, HMS Dreadnought
Richard Bowden, 21, AB, 1805, HMS Royal Sovereign
Robert Boyde, 35, AB, Downing (sic) Glos, HMS Conqueror, Lohn 1807 an Mutter Sarah
Thomas Braine, 21, Ord-Seemann. (Geschichte: 1800-4, Ansehen, Junge 1804-5, OS Thunderer, 1805-8, OS Sirius, 1808-10, OS Diomede, 1810-11 Königin, 1811, „Captain of Mast.)
Joseph Briton (sic) Landsman
Philip Bretton, 18, Landsmann, Bath, HMS Euryalus. Notizen besagen, dass er 1785 Lyncombe & Widcombe und 1782/3 seine Schwester Ann getauft wurde. Sie wurde Ann Viner und lebte 1806 in 12 Somerset St, Bath
Simon Gage Britton, Assistenzchirurg, 1804, HMS Pickle
William Broad, 24, Ord Seaman, HMS Orion aus Anson
William Broad, 30, Crew von Carpenter, HMS Britannia
John Brock,41, AB, HMS Sirius, 1804
William Brooks, 25, AB, St. Garges, (sic) Glos, Gehalt an Mutter Catherine
Joseph Brooks, 26, Landsman, 1804, Schiffslohnbuch, HMS Polyphem
James Brown, 23, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror, 1804
John Brown, 31, AB, Freiwilliger, HMS Belleisle, 1802-5, in Trafalgar.
John Brown, 22, AB, HMS Swiftsure von Ulysses, 1804
Samuel Brown, 28, Bath, AB, Quartiermeister, HMS Swiftsure, 1804.
William Brown, 27, Ord Seaman, HMS Neptun
William Buck, 25, Quartiermeister, HMS Conqueror, 1804
William Buckley, 36, Yeoman of the Sheets, HMS Mars
Samuel Burgess, 20, Freiwilliger, Landsmann, HMS Leviathan, 1804
James Burton, Kumpel des Meisters, Ratcliffe (sic)
Peter Bush, 18, Junge 2. Klasse, Kingswood, Glos, HMS Prince, 1804
Joseph Buxton, 23, AB, Hanham, Glos, HMS Conqueror
George Cannon, Landsman, Bath
John Campbell, 36, Quarter Gunner, HMS Orion, 1805
William Cantell, 20, Landsmann, Whitechurch (sic) Somerset, HMS Spartiate, 1804
Jacob Cappell, Pte. Königin Charlton, Somerset, (TR "Victory")
Hugh Carney, 32, Pte, Marine, St. Michael, Bristol, (TR "Britannia", 1805)
Komm. John. Autossee. Geboren in Colyton, Devon, 1785. Eintritt in R.N. 1799. Midshipman
auf "Victory" 1805. Nach der Schlacht zum Leutnant befördert. Kommandant im Ruhestand,
1852, N.G.S. Medaille, zwei Schließen. Gestorben Clifton 1865. (TR)
Charles Cawly, 22, Landsmann, HMS Naiad
John Chambers, 20, Landsmann. HMS-Dreadnought. (als Ord. Seaman ?TR "Dreadnought". Martinique Schließe)
Daniel Chilcott, Quarter Gunner
James Chivers, 23, Ord Seaman, HMS Dreadnought
William Clements, Landsman, Bath
Thomas Cobley, 44, Ord Seaman „Begnadigte Sträflinge von Cyclops“, HMS Leviathan
Isaac Cole, 23, Ord Seaman, Hanham, Glos, HMS Ajax, 1805
Samuel Cole, 26, AB, Downing, (sic) Glos, HMS Prince, 1804
John Coleman, 32, Carpenter’s Crew, Bath, HMS Ajax, 1805
Michael Collins, 21, Ord Seaman, Bath, HMS Spartiate, 1804
Thomas Condon, 22, Ord Seaman, HMS Mars, 1805
John Cook, 24, Ord Seaman, HMS Salvador, Freiwilliger, 1804
John Cooper, 24, Landsman, Cyson (sic) (Siston) Glos, HMS Defiance
John Cope, 24, AB. Ursprünglich ein Junge, „Monkey Gun Brig“ auf HMS Diligence. Dann 1803, HMS Utrecht, 1804-6, HMS Victory, at Trafalgar, 1806 HMS Gelykheid, 1806-9, HMS Ocean, 1809, HMS Salvador del Mondo. Fortschritt von Ord Seaman zu AB. 1809 HMS Jalouse, Quarter Gunner, 1809-12, Kapitän des Mastes, diente 1812-16
Samuel Cowles, 26, AB, Landsman, Downing (sic) (Downend) 1805
Charles Cox, 20, Landsmann, Stapleton, Glos, HMS Leviathan, 1804
John Cramer, 23, Landsmann, HMS Leviathan
Robert Cuddiford, Carpenter’s Crew. (TR "Naiad.)
Benjamin Dagger, 26, Carpenter’s Crew, Bath, HMD Thunderer, aus Renommee, 1805
William Davis, 20, Ord Seaman, 1804-5, HMS Mars
William Davis, 26, Ord Seaman, HMS Agamemnon und HMS Foudroyant*. Bei Trafalgar
Bartholomew George Smith Day, 21, Midshipman, von Royal William, spät Amsterdam, HMS Revenge, in Trafalgar, TR Revenge. "Superiere" 10. Feb. 1809
Thomas Day, 27, AB, HMS Bellerephon, 1804. Von Royal William
James Dowling, Junge, 2. Klasse
Thomas Downey, 14, Junge 2. Klasse, Bad, HMS Leviathan
John Downs, Quarter Gunner
Jeremiah Dunn, 22, AB, HMS Spartiate, 1804
Francis Eaves, 29, 1804-6, HMS Victory, in Trafalgar.Made sein Testament 1805 und nannte Thomas Ansell, Seemann an Bord der Victory. Überlebt. 1806-9, HMS Ocean, 1809-13, HMS Rhin, Yeoman des Powder Room. Ran, 5.3.1813, Plymouth, aus dem Urlaub.
James Edwards, 21, AB, HMS Mars
Walter Ellis, 25, Ord Seaman, HMS Orion aus Anson, 1805
Matthew Evans, 20, Landsmann, HMS Swiftsure, 1804
Thomas Evans, 30, Yeoman of the Sheets, HMS Swiftsure, 1804-5
William Fields, 21, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror
Nicholas Fitzgerald, Carpenter’s Crew
Charles Fletcher, 23, AB, HMS Royal Sovereign, 1805
Thomas Fletcher, 26, Ord Seaman, HMS Thunderer, 1805
John Flooke, 16, Junge, 1. Klasse, HMS Tonnant, 1805
George Floyd, 26, Ord Seaman, HMS Tonnant, 1804
William Forrest, 37, AB, Keynsham, Som, HMS Belleisle, aus Victory, 1804-5, war in Trafalgar.
James Fowler, 27, Ord Seaman, HMS Bellerephon, war in Trafalgar
Thomas Francis, 25, Landsman, HMS Conqueror, war in Trafalgar
John French, AB, 33, HMS Neptun (?TR "Euralyus")
Edward Fry, Landsman, 20 HMS Spartiate, 1804, (TR "Spartiate")
John Fry, 21, Landsman, HMS Spartiate, 1803 „Ersatz für James Thompson, United Brothers, Resolve“
Thomas Fry, 24, Seemann von Ord, Bath, HMS Ajax, 1805
Thomas Fry, 28, Landsmann, Bath, HMS Ajax, 1805
Isaac Fudge, 34, Ord-Seemann, Gewöhnlicher Seemann
John Gardner, 23, Landsmann, HMS Prince, 1804
John/James Gardner, 20, Landsman, HMS Ajax, 1805
William Gardner, 25, Ord Seaman, HMS Bellerephon
Thomas Gascoyne, Ord Seaman
James Gerrard, AB, 26, HMS Swiftsure, 1804
George Gibbons, 24, AB, HMS Belleisle, von Victory, 1805, war in Trafalgar
Thomas Gibson, AB (?TR "Euralyus")
William Giles, 24, AB, HMS Bellerephon
William Giles, 27, Landsman, „Gainson“, d. h. Keynsham, Som, HMS Ajax, 1805
Nicholas Gooding, 17, Ord Seaman, HMS Dreadnought
William Goodman, 23, Ord Seaman, HMS Minotaur, im Einsatz getötet, 21. Oktober 1805
John Gordon, 28, AB, Bath, HMS Naiad
John Graham, Junge, 3. Klasse
William Graves, 25, Ord Seaman, HMS Royal Sovereign, 1805, HMS Formidable, 21. Dezember 1805 bis 25. Dezember 1805, Entlassung ins Krankenhaus von Plymouth, Dezember 1805
Thomas Griffiths, 27, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror
William Griffiths, 21, Landsmann, HMS Salvador, Freiwilliger, 1805
Charles Grimes, 23, Ord Seaman, HMS Thunderer from Renown, 1805
Joseph Gullick, 23, Landsmann, HMS Salvador, Freiwilliger. 1805
Thomas Hall, 19, Landsman, „Battern“, d. h. Bitton, Glos, HMS Spartiate, Volunteer
Samuel Hammans, 23, Ord Seaman, Somerset, HMS Spartiate, getötet in Aktion, 21. Oktober 1805
Thomas Handley, AB (TR "Bellerophon"
John Hannam, 44, Carpenter’s Crew, 1805, HMS Ajax, (TR as Hannan "Ajax")
Joseph Hannam, Junge, 2. Klasse
John Harding, 28, Ord Seaman, HMS Prince, 1804
Thomas Harding, 23, Landsmann zu Ord Seaman, HMS Ajax, 1805
Samuel Harris, 21, AB, HMS Royal Sovereign, 1805
Thomas Harris, 25, AB, 1805, HMS Ajax. Lohn an Mutter in Bristol. Entlassen 1807 an HMS Glatton
John Hartland, 46, Ord Seaman, HMS Spartiate, 1804
James Harvey, 17, Seemann von Ord, HMS Dreadnought, 1805
Samuel Hawkins, 33, AB, HMS Royal Sovereign. Gemacht 1804 zugunsten seiner Tante Eliz, lebend in Devon, 1804. War in Trafalgar, Servicedetails von 1796-1811
George Hayes, 26, AB, HMS Achille, 1805, war in Trafalgar
James Helliar, 27, Ord Seaman, HMS Orion aus Anson, 1805
William Hemmings, Landsmann
William Henderson, Trompeter
Edward Henley, 39, Landsmann, HMS Defence. (Der Gefährte des Waffenschmieds in AN)
Job Henley, 22, Landsman, Freiwilliger, HMS Achille, war in Trafalgar und wurde im November 1806 in das Krankenhaus von Plymouth entlassen
William Herbert, 25, Ord Seaman, HMS Belleisle, 1802-6, war in Trafalgar
Augustus Thomas Hicks, 15, Freiwilliger 1. Klasse, Berkeley, HMS Defiance. (TR Defiance", gestorben 1857)
John Hinds, 28, Gefährte des Quartiermeisters, HMS Neptun
Thomas Christopher Holland, Midshipman, Bath
Charles Hopkins, 24, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror aus Salvador, Sirius, „prest“. war in Trafalgar, wurde am 26. Oktober 1805 in das Krankenhaus von Cadiz entlassen
David Howell, Trompeter, Bath
John Howell, 28, Ord Seaman HMS Belleisle, 1803-5
William Howell, 21, Landsmann, Manilsfield sic – (Mangotsfield), Glos, HMS Temeraire, war in Trafalgar, Killed in Action, 25. Oktober 1805
William Hubber, 30, Ord Seaman, HMS Polyphemus, 1804. war in Trafalgar (TR "Polyphemus")
Aaron Hubert, 16, Junge, 2. Klasse, Cosham sic – (Cotham?), Bristol. im Alter von 16. Am "Victory" 1803-6, in Trafalgar. HMS-Ozean 1806.
Abraham Hughes, 30, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror
William Humphries, 28, Qtr. Gunner, Bath, HMS Mars, war in Trafalgar (TR "Mars")
William Hutchinson, 29, Landsmann von Ord Seaman, HMS Royal Sovereign, 1805
Thomas Hyde, 22, Landsman, HMS Conqueror, war bei Trafalgar (TR "Conqueror")
James Jackson, 23, AB, HMS Swiftsure, 1804
Richard Jackson, 36, Landsmann, HMS Defense
James James, 23, Landsman, HMS Achille, von Kite (Sloop) 1805, war in Trafalgar
Stephen Watts Jeffries, 29, Ord Seaman, Mangotsfield, Glos, HMS Spartiate
James Jenkins, 46, Ord Seaman, HMS Dreadnought, 1805
John Jenkins, 29, AB, HMS Dreadnought,
George Johnson, 19, Bad, HMS Thunderer, 1805.
John Johnson, 24, Landsman, HMS Britannia
John Johnston, 33, Ord Seaman, HMS Spartiate, Freiwilliger, 1805
Francis Jones, 21, Landsman, Bath, HMS Bellerephon, Freiwilliger
George Jones, 24, Landsmann, HMS Britannia
Isaac Jones, 22, Ord Seaman, HMS Royal Sovereign
Richard Jones, 20, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror
William Jones, 26, AB, HMS Ajax, 1805
Thomas King, 25, Ord Seaman, HMS Thunderer, 1805
William King, 26, Ord Seaman, HMS Thunderer, 1805
Edward Kingston, 19, Ord Seaman, HMS Dreadnought, "spätes Plymouth Hospital", war in Trafalgar, (TR "Dreadnought")
George Lacey, 24, AB, HMS Neptun
Samuel Lacey, 24, Seemann von Ord, HMS Polyphem
Solomon Leonard, 40, Ord Seaman, HMS Colossus
John Lisle, 26, Ord Seaman, HMS Prince, 1804
William Lloyd, 24, Seemann von Ord, HMS Polyphem, 1804
George Long, 20, Landsmann, HMS Neptun
William Long, 20, Ord Seaman, HMS Tonnant, 1804-5
William Loveless, 24, Landsman, Winterbourne, Glos, HMS Africa, Freiwilliger von HMS Sussex, Lazarettschiff. Einzelheiten 1805-1811
Robert Luton, 32, Ord Seaman, HMS Britannia
William Maggs, 21, Landsmann, Bath, HMS Prince
George Manning, 18, AB, Bath, HMS Swiftsure (?TR als Ord. Seaman "Victory", und Basque Roads)
Thomas Mansfield, 46, HMS Dreadnought, Freibauer der Pulverkammer
John Marks, Ord Seaman, Bath
James Marshall, 24, AB, Ord Seaman, HMS Neptune, 1805, ins Plymouth Hospital entlassen
James Marshall, 28, Landsman, HMS Prince Frederick, aus dem Krankenhaus, 1805
William Marshall, 26, Ord Seaman, HMS Temeraire, 1804
John Martin, 35, AB, HMS Minotaurus
William Matthews, Schiffskorporal, Bath
Thomas Mason, 30, AB, HMS Dreadnought
George May, 15, Junge, 2. Klasse, Bad, HMS Swiftsure, 1804
Mark McMullen, 18, Landsman, Camerton, Som. HMS Naiad, 1805
Henry Merchant, 42, Ord Seaman, von HMS Bellerephon auf HMS Bedford 1807 entlassen und Löhne an Frau Ann.
Thomas Merchant, 21, Ord Seaman, Bath, HMS Euralyus, war in Trafalgar
John Miller, 19, Ord Seaman, HMS Temeraire, von HMS Salvador, spätes Lousia, 1805, „Prest“
Simeon Moon, 25, Freiwilliger, AB, 1803, HMS Utrecht, 1803-6, HMS "Victory". Verwundet bei Trafalgar. Am 31.1.1806 entlassen, „unbrauchbar“.
John Mooney, 12, Junge 3. Klasse, HMS Dreadnought
Joseph Henry Moore, Junge 2. Klasse, Bad
Thomas Moore, Landsman, Bath
James Morris, Ord Seaman/AB, HMS Temeraire, 1804-5
William Mountain, 30, Landsmann, HMS-Verteidigung
Thomas Murphy, 57, Quarter Gunner, MS Ajax, 1805
Richard Musto, 20, Bootsmannsmaat, HMS Agamemnon. Dienst aufgeführt 1805-1808, als Kapitän der Nachhut inkl. Krankenhausaufenthalt, Deal, Kent, und Zahlung der Löhne an Frau Elizabeth, 1807, in Portsmouth.
George Nash, 47, Quartergunner, HMS Spartiate, 1804
Thomas Nash, 22, Quartergunner, HMS Spartiate, 1804
Thomas Neal, 22, AB, HMS Prince, 1804, war in Trafalgar, TR „Prince“
Thomas Neal, 34, Ord Seaman, HMS Minotaurus
Richard Newman, 26, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror
Thomas Norman, 25, Ord Seaman, HMS Naiad
John Norton, Ord Seaman, Bath, HMS Ajax, 1805
Thomas Owens, 20, Landsman, Bath, HMS Britannia (NB erscheint AN als "Ovens")
William Owen(s), 23, AB, HMS Orion, 1805
Charles Parker, Landsman, Bath
Giles Parker, 14, Junge, 3. Klasse, Wootton under Edge, HMS Achilles, Freiwilliger, 1810
Joseph Parker, 22, Ord Seaman, HMS Bellerephon
Job Parsons, 27, Landsmann, HMS Thunderer, 1805
Thomas Partridge, 35, AB, Bath, HMS Swiftsure
John Patterson, 35, AB, HMS Dreadnought, „von amerikanischem Kanonenschiff“ (siehe meinen Blog über den Krieg von 1812 – vielleicht ein eingebürgerter Amerikaner?)
George Pearson, 13, Freiwilliger 1. Klasse, Som, HMS Bellerephon
*John Peart, 27, HMS Africa, siehe Briefe, ein Portsmouth Man, war in Trafalgar
Erasmus Peeps, 26, Midshipman/Quartermaster's Mate, Pille, Somerset, HMS Leviathan, 1805
William Peirce, 23, Seemann von Ord, HMS Polyphem, 1804
Anthony Perks, 43, Ord Seaman, HMS Temeraire, 1804
William Perry, 23, Landsmann, HMS Polyphem, 1804
Komm. John Phepoe. Geboren in Dublin, 1776, eingegeben RN, 1801. Midshipman "Ajax" bei ‘Trafalgar. Ret’d Commander, 1848, N.G.S. Medaille mit Verschluss. Gestorben Clifton 1862, begraben Clifton St Andrews. (TR)
James Phillips: Laut seinem Nachruf im Bristol Journal von Felix Farley vom 14. März 1818 war er Lord Nelsons Bootsmann an Bord der "Victory" in der Schlacht von Trafalgar, " er bewies seine Verbundenheit zu seinem tapferen Admiral durch zahlreiche Wunden, nämlich. vier große Säbelwunden am Kopf, viele Schusswunden am Körper und drei Kugeln in seinem rechten Oberschenkel und Bein, wobei ihm das Knie zerschmettert wurde. Er erhielt eine ehrenvolle Entlassung und eine großzügige Pension von seinem König und seinem Vaterland. Er wurde jedoch am letzten Montag in der North Street, Bedminster, vom grimmigen Todestyrann bestiegen, nachdem er gerade sein 47 ." Sein Name erscheint nicht auf der Website von Age of Nelson. In einem anderen Bericht des Bristol Observer vom 25. März 1994 heißt es, sein Name sei "Slasher" Brown! ER WIRD JETZT GEGLAUBT, EIN BETRÜGER ZU SEIN!
William Phillips, AB, 38, „Prest“ HMS Achille usw., Dienstliste 1805-1813, Zuteilung von Löhnen an Ehefrau Elizabeth, 1805, bezahlt Bristol. 1814 „unbrauchbar“ an die HMS Gladiator entlassen.
Colston Pierce, 30, Ord Seaman, HMS Spartiate, 1804
George (oder David) Pitt, 19, Ord Seaman, HMS "Victory". Verwundet bei Trafalgar. 1804, 1803, "Puissant", 15. Januar 1806, "Ocean" (TR "Victory")
George Pontin, 20, Ord Seaman, HMS Naiad
Robert Pordie, Yeoman, Bosun’s Store room
John Powell, 18, Junge, 2. Klasse, HMS Thunderer
John Powell, 22, Ord Seaman, Bath, HMS Conqueror, (?TR als "AB" "Conqueror")
William Powers, 27, AB, HMS Royal Sovereign, 1805
Charles Price, 28, Frampton, Glos, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror
James Price, 21, Landsman, HMS Royal Sovereign, 1805 (TR "Tennant")
Thomas Prior, 21, Ord Seaman, HMS Temeraire, 1804
Francis Pritchard, 23, Landsman, HMS Bellerephon, zugeteilte Löhne an seine Mutter Joan, die von Temeraire an HMS Bedford, 1807, entlassen wurde
Thomas Pullen, Büchsenmacher, Downing
Samuel Randall, 23, AB, Bath, HMS Ajax: in Trafalgar. Entlassen am 25. Oktober 1805 In der Barkasse zur Unterstützung des St. Augustine Spanish Prize geschickt, brach das Boot in einer sehr ausgelassenen Nacht eine Drift vom Schiff ab und die Männer gingen entweder verloren oder wurden zu Gefangenen, wahrscheinlich ersteres.
William Read, 25, Yeoman of the Sheets, HMS Swiftsure, 1804
Thomas Rees, 28, AB, HMS Africa, 1805, war in Trafalgar, von Ceres, Stellvertreter, 1808-9, Rang: Küfer, gestorben am 9. Januar 1809. Argonaut, Lazarettschiff.
William Reeves, AB, 29, HMS Ajax, 1805, war in Trafalgar. 26. Oktober 1805
Kommentare: Entlassen am 26. Oktober 1805 Das Boot wurde in einer sehr ausgelassenen Nacht in der Barkasse zur Unterstützung des St. Augustine Spanish Prize geschickt und brach eine Drift vom Schiff ab und die Männer wurden entweder verloren oder zu Gefangenen gemacht. Wahrscheinlich ersteres.
James Reynolds, 11, Junge, 3. Klasse, HMS Royal Sovereign, 1805, „von der Marine Society“
John Reynolds, 31, Ord Seaman, Bath, HMS Swiftsure, 1804
Francis Rice, 23, Landsman, HMS Conqueror, Karriereliste 1803-1814, (AB) war in Trafalgar, Musterung für HMS Barham gab an, dass er in Abergavenny geboren wurde.
John Rice, 22, Landsmann, HMS Conqueror
Daniel Rich, 23, Landsman, HMS Conqueror, Karriereliste 1803-14, Ord Seaman, war in Trafalgar
Joseph (?) Richardson, 22, AB, Bath, HMS Phoebe, 1802
Arthur Roberts, 34, Ord Seaman, HMS Bellerephon, Löhne an Frau Sarah, Portsmouth, entlassen an HMS Bedford, 1807
James Roberts, 24, Ord Seaman, HMS Naiad
William Roberts, 26, AB, HMS Leviathan
William Roberts, 19, Landsmann, HMS Conqueror
Daniel Rogers, 28, Ord Seaman, Bedminster, Bristol, HMS Britannia
Richard Rogers, 22, AB, HMS Polyphem, 1804
William Romney, 33, Landsman/AB, HMS Leviathan, 1804
John Rudge, 20, Landsmann, HMS Spartiate, 1804, (TR "Spartiate")
James Sanders, 26, AB, Bath, HMS Royal Sovereign
John Saunders, 21, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror, 1804. Lohnzuteilung an Frau Mary im Jahr 1806
Richard Searle, 30, AB, Bath, HMS Victory, 1803-6, war in Trafalgar, 1806 im Haslar Hospital
Samuel Sensbury, (Sainsbury?) 40, Gunner’s Kumpel, HMS Swiftsure, 1804
Komm. Joseph Seymour. Meister RN, 1796, Meister des "Conqueror" 1804, in Trafalgar. Ret’d Commander 1846. NGS-Medaille mit zwei Schließen. Gestorben Bristol 1862, begraben Arnos Vale. (TR)
Elias Shaddock, 30, Quarter Gunner, HMS Royal Sovereign, 1805
Benjamin Shepherd, 42, Ord Seaman, HMS Orion aus Anson, 1805
John Shepherd, 28, Ord Seaman/AB, HMS Polyphem, 1804
James Sherbourne, 22, Landsman, HMS Thunderer, aus Salvador, 1805, „Prest“.
William Simmonds, 20, AB, HMS Leviathan, von Union – Handelsschiff
Benjamin Simmons, 38, Carpenter’s Crew, HMS Thunderer, aus Renommee, 1805. (TR "Thunderer")
William Simmons, 28, Ord Seaman, Bath HMS Neptun
William Smart, 21, AB, Bath, HMS Leviathan, aus Portsmouth, Freiwilliger
Lionel Smith, Gefährte des Waffenschmieds, Bathford, Som
Thomas Smith, 19, Landsmann, HMS Sirius, 1804
Thomas Smith, 21, AB, HMS Thunderer, 1805, Freiwilliger
Thomas Smith, 27, Ord Seaman/AB, Bath, HMS Royal Sovereign, Karriereliste 1803-7, war Trafalgar
William Smith, 23, Landsmann, HMS Mars
William Smith, 29, Ord Seaman, HMS Spartiate 1804
Christopher Spring, Ord Seaman
John Steager, Landsman, Keynsham, Somerset
Joseph Stokes, 23, Ord Seaman, HMS Bellerephon
James Stone, 20, Midshipman, Bath, HMS Leviathan
Thomas Stone, 21, Landsmann, HMS Polyphem, 1805
William Stone, 27, AB, HMS Royal Sovereign, Karriere 1803-5, kam als Freiwilliger von HMS Braave
William Strong, 22, Ord Seaman, HMS Leviathan, 1803, vom Handelsschiff Zephyr, „prest“
William Symonds, 23, Landsmann, HMS Temeraire, 1804
William Symonds, 33, Landsmann, HMS Temeraire
Francis Taylor, Junge, 3. Klasse
Hugh Taylor, 23, AB, HMS Dreadnought
William Taylor, 29, Armourer’s Mate, HMS Conqueror, Lohn an Mutter, 1803 & 1807, bezahlt von Bristol
John Thomas, 19, Ord Seaman, HMS Tonnant, 1804-5, (TR "Tennant")
John Morris Thompson, 32, HMS Conqueror, Gehilfe des Meisters. Quartiermeister 1805, Löhne an Frau Mary, 1807, Plymouth,
Joseph Thompson, 20, Landsmann, HMS Naiad
William Thompson, 28, Ord Seaman, HMS Naiad (TR "Victory")
Joseph Thorn, AB, Ratclift (sic)
Nathaniel Thorne, 21, Landsman, HMS Thunderer, Freiwilliger aus Salvador
Bowham Tomkyns, 14, Freiwilliger, 1. Klasse, HMS Tonnant, in Trafalgar
Thomas Tripp, 20, Seemann, HMS Leviathan, von Pegasus, aktiver Kutter
James Tucker, 39, Carpenter’s Crew, Bath, HMS Dreadnought
John Tucker, 37, Ord Seaman, HMS Leviathan, 1804-5
William Turner, 22, Landsmann, HMS Dreadnought
Jeremiah Vincent, 21, Landsmann, Bath, HMS Prince, 1804
* John Viner, 25, Landsman, HMS Spartiate, 1804, siehe Briefe.
George Warren, 26, AB, Bath, HMS Ajax, 1805
John Webb, 38, Kumpel des Quartiermeisters, Alveston, Glos, HMS Achille, 1804-14. gestorben HMS Achille in Rio de Janeiro, 20. September 1814.
William Webb, 45, AB, HMS Prince, 1804
George White, 27, AB, HMS Defiance. Getötet in Aktion in Trafalgar, 21. Oktober 1805
John White, 28, AB, Freiwilliger, Bitton, Glos, HMS Achille, getötet in Aktion in Trafalgar, 21. Oktober 1805
Thomas White, 44, Waffenmeister, Som, HMS Britannia
Thomas White, 28, AB, Som, HMS Neptun
James Whiting, Ord Seaman, Bath
James Whittington, 32, AB, HMS Britannia
Richard Whittington,20, Landsman, Kingswood, (nr Wootton-under-Edge) JMS Leviathan (TR "Leviathan")
George Wilkins, Ord Seaman, 25, über "Sieg" in Trafalgar. 11. Mai 1803, Utrecht, 15. Januar 1806, "Ocean"
Henry Wilkins, 25, Ord Seaman, HMS Victory. Gestorbener Seeunglück am 6. Februar 1810
John Wilkins, 28, Ord Seaman, HMS Prince, 1804
John Wilkins, AB, 28, Churchill, Somerset, HMS Neptun
Thomas Wilkins, AB, Keynsham, Somerset
James Williams, 20, Landsmann, HMS Conqueror
James Williams, 40, Landsman, HMS Achille, 1805-9, war in Trafalgar, entlassen im April 1809, unbrauchbar
John Williams, 21, Ord Seaman, HMS Conqueror (?TR "Defiance" oder "Britannia")
John Williams, 23, AB, HMS Naiad
Stephen Williams AB, 25, HMS Revenge, (TR Revenge")
Thomas Williams, 44, Ord Seaman, HMS Spartiate
Francis Willis, 52, AB, HMS Polythemus, 1804 aus Stately
George Wilson, 17, Junge, 2. Klasse, HMS "Victory". Getötet in Trafalgar am 21. Oktober 1805. Beigetreten am 27. April 1803. Begraben auf See, 21. Oktober 1805
Samuel Wilson, Ord Seaman, Bath
Thomas Wiltshire, 20, Armourer’s Mate, Cainsan (sic) (Keynsham) HMS Agamemnon, 1804-9, war in Trafalgar. Löhne, 1807, an Mutter Elizabeth, Bristol. (TR "Agamemnon", und St. Domingo, Malaga.)
Andrew Winter, 21, Landsman, HMS Thunderer, Freiwilliger aus Salvador, 1805
James Wolfe, 34, Ord Seaman, HMS Naiad, 1804
John Wood, 25, AB, HMS Belleisle, 1802-5, war in Trafalgar, Löhne wurden seiner Frau 1803, Plymouth, ausgezahlt
John Woodman, 20, Landsmann, HMS Tonnant, 1804
Jacob Wookey, 32, Ord Seaman, Somerset, HMS Spartiate, Freiwilliger von United Brothers
John Wright, 24, Gefährte des Waffenschmieds, HMS Naiad
William Wyatt, 34, AB, HMS Achille, 1805-10, war in Trafalgar
Thomas York, 23, Landsman, HMS Thunderer, Ersatz aus Salvador
William Abbot, Pte, Marshfield, Glos. (TR "Leviathan")
John Adams, 23, Pte. HMS Britannia, 1805
William Adams, Pte, St. George’s, Bristol
Matthew Amos, Pte, "Rackley" sic. (Redcliffe?) Nr Bristol
James Applegate, Pte, Berkeley, Glos, (TR "Naiad")
William Bailey, Pte, Winford, Som
John Ball, Pte, Marshfield, Glos
William Bartlett, Pte, Walcot, Bath
John Brookes, Pte. 30, HMS Victory" in Trafalgar. 14. April 1803, Seeland, 15. Januar 1806 in Chatham HQ. Auf TR.
John Buckley, Pte, St. James, Bristol
John Cantle, Pte, Bedminster
Jacob Capell, Pte, 27, Queen Charlton, Som, HMS Victory, 1803-6, in Trafalgar, ausbezahlt Chatham, 1806, (TR "Victory")
Hugh Carney, Pte, 32, St. Michael, Bristol, HMS Britannia, in Trafalgar, (TR "Britannia")
Isaac Chandler, Pte, Melksham, Wilts. HMS Euralyus, Zuteilung an Frau, aus Lohn, aus Wootton unter Rand, Frau ist bereits gestorben.
Charles Chappell, Pte, 26, Thornbury, HMS Victory, in Trafalgar, zahlte Chatham 1806 aus?
Richard Chinnock, Pte, 20, Lye (sic) auf Mendip, HMS Britannia, in Trafalgar, (TR "Britannia")
Charles F. Clear, Boy, RM, HMS Achille, in Trafalgar, starb 1806 im Plymouth Hospital?
Jeremiah Cola, Clutton, Bath
Thomas Coles, Pte, St. Philips, Glos
John Cook, Sergeant, von St. Mary Redcliffe
William Cook, Pte, Hawkesbury, Glos
Kapitän James Cottell/Cottle, 2. Lieut, RM, 1798, 1. Lieut, 1804. HMS Tonnant, in Trafalgar. Im Ruhestand halbes Gehalt, 1835, starb Bedminster 1842.
Moses Dagger, Pte, St. Philip & St. Jacob, Glos, HMS Dreadnought
James Davis, Boy, Ratcliffe (sic) Bristol
William Day, Pte, HMS Spartiate
David Drew, Pte, Croomdell (sic) (Cromhall?) Glos, HMS Mars
Samuel Eyles, Pte, Stapleton, Glos, HMS Naiaid
James Fisher, Pte, Marshfield, Glos, HMS Swiftsure
William Ford, Pte, 26 St Stephen ’s, Bristol, HMS Victory in Trafalgar. 18. April 1803, Winchelsea, 15. Januar 1806, Chatham HQ
John Grimes, Pte, St. Michael’s Bristol, HMS Royal Sovereign
Thomas Harding, Junge, Marine
Thomas Harding, Pte, Marine
Samuel Harris, Pte, Winterbourne, Glos, HMS Prince
John Hayward, Boy, RM, Milksham (sic) Wilts, HMS Belleisle
Francis Hicks, Pte, 23, Gebissen, (sic: Bitton) Glos, HMS Orion
John Hicks, Pte, Bath, HMS Achille, Dienst 1805-1812, war in Trafalgar, Zuteilung von Löhnen 1807 an Mutter Hannah, bezahlt Bath, entlassen 1815 Plymouth
George Hodges, Pte, C40, St. Georges, (sic) Bristol. Alter 26. HS Victory, bei Trafalgar". 17. April 1803 und 15. Januar 1806 in Chatham HQ.
Edward Hore, Pte, Chew Magney (sic)
Robert House, Pte, Camerton, Som, HMS Prince
James Hughes, Pte. St. Philips, Bristol, HMS Neptun
Thomas Hurle, Pte. Berkeley, Glos, HMS Temeraire
George Jeffries, Pte, Siston, Glos, HMS Sirius
James Jones, Pte, Milksham (sic) Wilts, (TR "Tonnant")
Thomas Lansdown, Pte, Olveston, Glos, HMS Conqueror
Moses Llewellyn, Pte, Mangotsfield, Glos, HMS Achille, 1805-1812, in Trafalgar, Portsmouth, 1813 entlassen?
Isaac May, Pte, Avening, Glos, HMS Sirius
George Moseley, Pte, 24, Frampton Cotterell, HMS Defiance
Cornelius Orgel, Pte. North Nibley, HMS Spartiate
John Parfitt, Pte, Strait, Somerset
Charles Parsons, Pte, Yeaton, (sic Yatton) Somerset, HMS Neptun
John Phillips, Pte, Temple, Bristol, HMS Neptun
Charles Pinker, Pte, Temple, Som (Tempel Cloud statt Temple Bristol?), HMS Temeraire
Amos Poulson, Pte, Melksham
Benjamin Powell, Pte, Timsbury
David Powell, Pte, 24, HMS Victory, in Trafalgar, 1803-6, ausgezahlt 1806
Henry Powell, Pte, P18, 22 Jahre alt, über "Victory" in Trafalgar. 21. Mai 1803, Seeland, 15. Januar 1806, Chatham HQ
John Skinner, Pte, 20, Bath. HMS Britannia
George Skidmore, Pte, Iron Acton, Glos, HMS Mars, getötet in Aktion, Trafalgar, 21. Oktober 1805
*? Isaac Smith, Pte, Trowbridge. (siehe Briefe) HMS Swiftsure
*John Summers, Pte (siehe Briefe) HMS Ajax
John Thorn, Pte, Barclay, Som, (sic)
Daniel Webb, Junge, RM, Melksham, Wilts, HMS Bellerephon
*? Joseph Webb, Pte, Melksham, Wilts (siehe Briefe) HMS Prince
Joseph White, Pte, Mangotsfield, Glos, HMS Defense
John Whiting, Pte, 19, Shepton Mallet, HMS Britannia, Zuteilung von Löhnen an Mutter, 1804-5, in Trafalgar (TR)
Mark Williams, Pte, Westbury, Glos, HMS Naiad
Bibliographie, Abkürzungen und Quellen
"Männer, die bei Nelson dienten" BAFHS Journal, Nr. 71, März 1993
National Archives – Datenbank, Trafalgar Ancestors
Bezeichnung „siehe Briefe“ = weitere Informationen in meinem Besitz werden zu gegebener Zeit in den Blog aufgenommen.
„Ein britischer Teer. Untersuchung vor einem Kriegsgericht der dienenden Offiziere des verstorbenen Schiffes Seiner Majestät Java, Jones bescheiden, Bootsmann, abgesetzt ‘Etwa eine Stunde nach Beginn der Aktion wurde ich verwundet, ich ging zu Boden und blieb nach einer Stunde stehen und als ich meinen Arm durch ein angelegtes Tourniquet etwas in Ordnung gebracht hatte, sonst nichts (meine Hand war weggetragen, mein Arm um den Ellbogen verwundet) Ich steckte meinen Arm in den Busen meines Hemdes und ging wieder hoch und als ich den Feind vor uns sah, der seine Schäden reparierte, hatte ich meine Befehle von Lieutenant Chads, bevor die Aktion begann zu jubeln mit meiner Pfeife die Boarder hoch, damit sie das Boarding sauber machen können.’ Dies ist ein schönes und wirklich charakteristisches Exemplar des britischen Seemanns." (FFBJ 5.6.1813)
Einem Matrosen in Trafalgar an Bord der "Britannia" wurde das Bein etwas unterhalb des Knies abgeschossen und er sagte zu dem Offizier, der befahl, ihn ins Cockpit zu bringen: "Das ist nur ein Schilling, Euer Ehren, ein Zoll höher, und ich hätte meine achtzehn Pence haben sollen" ." (d. h. Rente nach Schweregrad.)
Derselbe Kerl sagte zu einem seiner Freunde: „Ich sage Bob, schau nach meinem Bein und gib mir die silberne Schnalle aus meinem Schuh. Ich werde das ein anderes Mal für dich tun.“ (beide Anekdoten berichteten FFBJ 16.11.1822)
Bilder zeigen die Geschichte der Hafenanlagen von Bristol im Laufe der Jahre
We’ve been going through the archives again, and it goes without saying that the Post and the Western Daily between them amassed an awful lot of photos of Bristol’s city docks at work. Happily we have an excuse to show you a batch of them (along with a couple of interesting agency pics) this week.
Our pretext for showing them comes courtesy of Amy King, who is collecting people’s stories of the city docks. She recently sent us an appeal to BT readers saying:
Do you remember the Old City Docks?
Maybe you worked down on the Docks? Or played there as a child? Or lived nearby and remember a certain boat coming in?
I am collecting memories for a project about the Bristol Old City Docks, and I would like to hear from anybody with memories to share. I really want to bring the original voices back to the space of the docks, so I would love to record our conversation. I may then use parts of our recording to make a series of audio tracks people can listen to when they walk around what used to be the City Docks, from M Shed up to Underfall Yard.
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So whether you remember the dockers’ brilliant nicknames (like ‘Olympic Torch’ because he never went out!), the fig trees growing out of Bristol Bridge or tricking boats into throwing coal at you (free warmth!), I would love to hear your stories.
If you have any memories to share, or would like further information, please get in touch. You can reach me via email ([email protected] ) , phone 0117 382 7017 or on Twitter @bristoldockers
Archive pictures tell the story of the old Bristol docks
June 20 1935. This appears to have been taken for a national newspaper and shows “Mrs Clutterbuck hanging out her washing on Bristol dock quayside”. She presumably lived in one of the old dock cottages (probably one of the block that’s the Sea Cadets centre nowadays). The bridge in the background was part of the old docks railway system, which suggests that her whites wouldn’t come out whiter than white if she left them on the line too long.
Western Daily Press, April 25 1946: “INO&aposS MAIDEN VOYAGE. The Ino, first of the Bristol Steam Navigation Company&aposs two new motor vessels, berthed at Bristol City Docks yesterday, bringing her maiden voyage a cargo of oilcake. She lies near Prince Street bridge, and was gay with flags yesterday. She was built by a Goole firm. A sister ship, Cato, is now completing at Goole and will shortly be in service.
This, according to our captioning, is the BD6, a steam dredger originally built in the 1840s and show here still going strong 110 years later. It remained in use until 1961 and pulled itself across the harbour with attached to bollards on the quaysides.
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July 15 1954. The River Police station by Prince Street Bridge.
June 4 1954. Not something you’d ever have seen coming up the river all that often, but it’s OK, it’s one of ours. This was HMS Amphion, built for the Royal Navy in 1944, but entering service too late to have seen any action. She was scrapped in 1971.
July 15 1955. If you’re old enough you might remember the Kingstonian, the little pleasure steamer which regularly took people on trips up the river, usually as far as Keynsham, in the summer months. She did this for decades (from about the 1890s?), though we’re not sure when she was finally retired, but think it was the late 1960s. In this photo, she’s taking a party of schoolboys on a trip, courtesy of the Bristol Round Table. The Post’s Pillar Box Club also used to take its young members on outings on the Kingstonian with ‘Uncle’ Bob Bennett leading the singing.
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May 28 1957. Another reminder of the railways all round the docks. This bascule bridge used to carry trains across the harbourside entrance to Bathurst Basin. It was removed in the early 1960s, and there’s nowadays a footbridge (built in the 1980s) on the spot.
The old CWS building, photographed on a dull January day in 1962.
HMS Locust was originally designed as a gunboat to patrol the Yangtse River in China but on being commissioned in 1940 was diverted to more urgent duties. She took a lot of damage taking part in the Dunkirk evacuation, and was involved in the Dieppe and St Nazaire raids as well as D-Day. In 1951 she arrived at Mardyke Wharf to become a “drill ship” for the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. And here she stayed until the day this picture was taken in 1968 when she was towed off to Newport to be broken up.
OK, help needed here. The only information we have is that it’s 1968 and it’s a Russian vessel. She’s presumably leaving because of the way she’s pointed and because she looks dangerously high in the water. At a guess she would have been bringing in a cargo of timber, but we don’t know. We can’t read all the name on the back but our amateur translation of the Cyrillic lettering suggests it ends in “-ansk” or “-yansk” and that she was registered in Talinn. Any ideas?
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It’s 1969 and we’re all mod cons in the control room of the new Cumberland Basin swing bridge.
It’s 1984 (possibly February) and here is a chapter in more recent dockside history that doesn’t deserve to be forgotten. After a couple of years of planning and a lot of hard work by volunteers, L Shed (next to M Shed) opened as the National Lifeboat Museum in 1979, with a collection of lifeboats and artefacts dedicated to the Royal National Lifeboat Institution. It gained respectable numbers of visitors but for all the hard work and dedication it lurched from one financial crisis to another before finally closing in 1988. Its collection of boats continued to grow all this time and beyond until they were moved to Chatham in 1994. At that time the Post announced that there were plans to turn L Shed into a sort of high-tech dinosaur museum to cash in on the popularity of ‘Jurassic Park’ … Nowadays L Shed is used for storage of historical and heritage artefacts.
MY WAR 1939 - 1946
My name is Donald William Hutton Stepney, I was born on 23/08/24 to Betty and Walter Thomas Stepney of Staines in Middlesex. Father had served as a Sapper in The Royal Engineers during the 1914 –18 War and in 1939 we were living at 44, London Road Staines. The day war broke out – with apologies to that great comedian Mr Robb Wilton – my Mum said to me, “It’s up to you” I said “me” she said“yes” I said “why” she said “ Well, your Father did his bit in the trenches in the 1914 –18 War and now its your turn”
Well, on the 3rd September 1939 I had just turned 15 years of age and was attending Ashford (Middx)County Grammar School, was commencing my third year, was not very happy there and due to the outbreak of the war was only going to school one day a week initially. I found that due to the war pupils could leave school before the age of sixteen so I jumped at the chance and found myself a job in the Costs Office of the Staines Linoleum Co as junior clerk at a wage of seventeen shillings and sixpence a week.
In a few months when I became 16 I was allowed to become one of the Fire Watchers in the area where I lived, so my war effort began! Together with David Cooper, a friend of the same age and also two older men, we took turns on a rota system of Fire Watching in the area in which we lived. The headquarters were in a nearby disused shop, we went there from 9pm in the evening until 6am the following morning. Duties were to patrol the area and keep a lookout for fire incendiary bombs dropped by enemy aircraft and if necessary deal with them with a stirrup pump if possible. We lived in Staines about 16 miles from Hyde Park Corner. We were also a few miles from the railway marshalling yard at Feltham, a favourite target for enemy aircraft. A few bombs were ditched over Staines by aircraft returning from bombing London. Whilst on these firewatch duties one could see the huge glow in the air over London during the blitz. I did these duties for a year until I was 17 and joined the Works Home Guard unit. I did not have to deal with any incendiaries during this period but do recall one night when a stick of bombs weredropped about a quarter of a mile away from our home and that was just after the All Clear had sounded.
Home Guard duties were vastly different to fire watching. I was a private with the unit where I worked, this was a company that manufactured linoleum but now, in wartime was greatly turned over to various munitions manufacture. It’s site covered 50 acres and consisted of some 250 buildings of all shapes and sizes. It had it’s own power station and goods railway yard. It certainly warranted its own Home Guard unit. Specialist training was done with the local Middlesex Battalion Home Guard – Training with Machine Gun firing, Grenade throwing, Rifle and Bayonet use etc all mostly done at weekends as were military manoeuvres with various other local units. Sadly I recall one Sunday morning, on Staines Moor when grenade throwing was being practised, a member of the town Home Guard was killed. On the lighter side I remember, whilst in the factory unit Home Guard that on the top of one seven storey building Air Observer duties were done on a rota basis. There was no shortage of volunteers for duty on a Thursday afternoon – Why? – well, binoculars were used of course to overlook the surrounds of the Staines area, and it was early closing day in the nearby High Street, so the shop girls and their boy friends spent the afternoon on Staines Moor – need I say more.
Having registered for service in the armed forces when I became 17 and having indicated a preference for the Royal Navy, on the 18th May 1943 I was very pleased to be called upon to report to HMS Bristol, at Bristol.
This particular ‘ship’ was what is known, in naval jargon as a ‘stone frigate’ – It was a collection of Victorian built buildings on Ashley Down in Bristol and had originally been built as an orphanage by a George Muller and I believe these children’s homes, in the Bristol area, still exist today under that name. Gloucestershire County Cricket Ground is next to the site.
My medical had classed me as Grade 2 due to eyesight and up to this time in 1943 the RN did not take persons graded as such. However, in May 1943 things changed, and at HMS Bristol an eight week course had been set up to put recruits through their paces, assess the medical problems etc: and if all tests were passed, they were accepted into the RN. We were called Prob Ord. Seaman.
We did plenty of physical training (running round the County Cricket Ground) Rifle Drill, Route Marches etc: Some did not make the grade but I am pleased to say that I did and even took part in a parade in Portishead where a Naval Detachment was called for. I really enjoyed my time in HMS Bristol. If I remember correctly the Commanding Officer at that time was a Captain Walker RN who had previously had a distinguished naval career at sea.
In July 1943 I went to HMS Royal Arthur at Skegness ( This was another ‘stone frigate’ – prewar it was a Butlin’s Holiday Camp) here I changed to square rig and became a Prob Supply Assistant. On the 6th Aug’43 I went to President V in Highgate, London for a Supply Branch Training course. President V was Highgate College. Whilst here I was billeted at home, in Staines, and travelling Staines to Waterloo then Underground on the Northern Line. to Archway, morning and evening!
Previous to all this at some point during my induction period. I should add, I had been asked which naval depot I would prefer to be based at – Chatham, Portsmouth or Devonport?. Naturally, living at Staines I said either Portsmouth or Chatham would be suitable!. Naturally, again! I ended up a Devonport rating!!
On the 18th October 1943 having passed my Supply Branch exams I ended up at HMS Drake in Devonport as a Supply Assistant awaiting a draft posting. That was exactly 5 months after joining.
The 23rd Oct I joined HMS Brigadier who was attached to a buoy in Portland Harbour. I was an assistant to a Leading Supply Assistant and we were responsible for all Naval Stores (Engineering and Maintenance) Brigadier had been a cross channel ferry before the war – she was the SS Worthing and did the Newhaven – Dieppe run. When I joined she was a Landing Ship Infantry, she carried 6 Landing Craft Assault (LCA’s) I did not find out her full history until this year (2005) She was built in 1928 Tonnage of 2,343 gross. In 1939 she was a troop carrier, also a hospital Carrier during the Dunkirk evacuation. In 1940 a Fleet Air Arm target vessel. From 1941 she became an Infantry Landing Ship and carried out troop landing exercises in Scotland then eventually coming south to Portland where I joined her.
Crew wise she was a mixture of RN and T124X personnel. Officers were RNR and RNVR. Ratings were mostly RN and Combined Operations for the LCA’s. T124x rating s had been in the MN and still received that rate of pay – they were usually Stokers, Stewards, Cooks and Victualling Stores ratings.
All other ratings including the two Naval stores supply assistants were RN!
From when I joined Brigadier in Oct’43 until May ’44 we were on landing exercises along the mostly Devon coast, loading up with British, Canadian and American troops either at Portsmouth or Southampton and transporting them for practising assault landings in the LCA’s
On the 5th June 1944 HMS Brigadier departed the Solent as part of Assault Convoy J10 to land troops at the Juno beach-head on the morning of 6th June 1944. As far as I can remember we lost 2 of our LCAs that day when they went in to land. We came back to Portsmouth. late afternoon, it was very sunny, just off of Arromanches, we took onboard from a MTB, 2 badly wounded soldiers and one who had died and we brought them with us back home.
On this D Day as it was known, HMS Brigadier’s Landing Craft Assault Crews were part of 513 Flotilla and as far as I recall, their Petty Officer was named Croucher and came from Sunbury and the officer was Sub/Lt McMasters RNVR. The Captain was Cdr A Paramore RNR, Ist Lt was Lt D Winters RNR, Chief Engineer was Lt Cdr McLellan RNR and the Paymaster was SubLt D Love RNVR whocame from Hounslow
Some of the Rating friends I recall were LSA Frank Dart from Newton Abbot, Supply Asst William Dummett from Plymouth and Steward Bert Waller who had been on the ship when she was SS Worthing on the Newhaven/Dieppe run.
After the 6th of June Brigadier was part of a cross-channel shuttle service carrying reinforcements of all types, men an stores across to France. Once such journey included the Royal Navy’s own Dance Band,’ The Blue Mariners ‘ under the leadership of pianist Petty Officer George Crowe and featuring the noted alto saxophonist Freddy Gardner who was also of P O rank. The compere of this group that were going to entertain Service units in Europe was Sub Lt Eric Barker RNVR noted entertainer..
We had our moments of danger on these trips, such as, disposing of floating mines with rifle fire! Then there was the time I went aft on deck and saw the 28,000 tons of SS Monowi bearing down speedily upon us! There was a scraping noise on the starboard side but thankfully no serious damage!
The end for HMS Brigadier came on the 11/11/44 - It was a Saturday evening and we were leaving Southampton with 430 troops on board when we rammed the stern of HM Headquarters Ship Hilary at anchor at Spithead. The vessels were locked together and had to be cut apart, Brigadier’s bow was pushed back to the hawse pipes. She returned to Southampton the next day and paid off on the 18/12/44. I understand she was returned to Red Ensign service again and once more became SS Worthing on her Newhaven/Dieppe run! As a matter of interest she was sold to a Greek firm in 1954 and did cruisies in the Med under the name PHRYNI. Sadly she was broken up in Greece in 1954 after an illustrious career
After Christmas leave I was back to HMS Drake in Devonport awaiting draft. I should mention I was now a Leading Supply Assistant having applied to be upgraded whilst on Brigadier,. by virtue of the fact that I had passed my original exam with an 80% plus pass that allowed me to take that step.
On the 1st March 1945 I joined a Castle Class Corvette named HMS Headingham Castle at Blyth in Northumberland. She had recently been completed and it was my job to store her for commissioning. I was the sole supply branch rating aboard responsible to the First Lieutenant for all stores. I had an Able Seaman allocated as ‘Tanky’ (Assistant).
At this stage all the crew were gradually arriving but billeted ashore in Blyth as ship’s accommodation was not ready. One Able Seaman and myself were staying with a very hospitable family in Blyth they treated us as if we were their very own family members.I have always thought very highly of ‘Geordie’ folk since that period of my life.
Castle Class Corvettes were built for anti-submarine work and it was assumed that we would eventually be engaged on such activites. Commissioning took place and we did our ‘working up trials’ around Scotland at Tobermory,. Fairlie and ended up at Greenock. By this time VE Day had arrived whilst we were still at Blyth so when we had completed our trials it was assumed we would be making our way to the Far East. Then VJ Day arrived and that changed things completely. I cannot remember why but on VJ Day we were anchored off of Southend Pier and I recall travelling home to Staines on leave that very day!
Headingham Castle did not head for the Far East but as the war was over became based at Greenock and did three week periods in the North Atlantic as a Weather Ship
For some reason, known only to the Lords of The Admiralty! The crew of Headingham Castle, some 120 men, in Feb 1946 became the crew of HMS Oxford Castle and vice versa ! So eventually on Oxford Castle we ended up back at Portland Harbour. By this time Portland was an ASDIC training base. On the 18th May 1946 I was awarded my 1st 3yr Good Conduct Badge. As my Class A Naval Release was pending, in July’46 I was back at Devonport and drafted to DrakeII to await my release.
My waiting time was spent destoring a Cable ship that was moored at Turnchapel. For this period I was once again living ashore and actually stayed with my friend from HMS Brigadier days, Bill Dummett, he had already returned to civvy street and I boarded with him and his wife at their home in Hartley Vale, Plymouth,travelling into the City and over to Turnchapel each morning.
On the 24th September 1946 I was released from Naval Service from St Budeaux to proceed on 56 days resettlement leave.
I returned to my home with Mum and Dad in Staines, Middx and after my leave resumed my employment at the Staines Linoleum Co. All the members of the family had been very fortunate to survive World War II unscathed.
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HMS Bristol (1910)
Alus tilattiin osana vuosien 1908-1909 laivasto-ohjelmaa John Brown and Companyltä Clydebankista, missä köli laskettiin 23. maaliskuuta 1909. Alus laskettiin vesille 23. helmikuuta 1910 ja valmistui samana vuonna 17. joulukuuta.  Alus poikkesi muista Bristol-luokan aluksista siten, että sen voimanlähteenä oli kahteen akseliin kytketty Brown Curtis -turbiinit eivätkä neliakseliset Parsons-turbiinit. Aluksella oli peräkkäin kaksi konehuonetta, joissa kummassakin oli yksi turbiinimoottori. 
Palvelukseen otettaessa alus liitettiin Kotilaivaston 2. taistelulaivaviirikköön tiedustelijaksi. Alus ajoi karille 22. joulukuuta 1912 Plymouthinlahdella, mistä aiheutuneiden vaurioiden korjaamisen jälkeen se liitettiin Kotilaivaston 2. laivastoon tammikuussa 1913, edelleen 2. risteilijäviirikköön heinäkuussa ja 5. risteilijäviirikköön 1914. 
Elokuussa 1914 alus siirrettiin 4. risteilijäviirikköön, jonka muut alukset olivat Monmouth-luokan panssariristeilijät HMS Suffolk, HMS Lancaster, HMS Essex ja HMS Berwick. Alus lähti viirikköönsä Länsi-Intian ja Pohjois-Amerikan laivastoasemalle Bermudalle, missä se oli edelleen ensimmäisen maailmansodan alkaessa. Se oli ensimmäinen ympärysvaltojen alus, joka osallistui sotatoimiin kohdatessaan 6. elokuuta Saksan keisarikunnan laivaston kaapparin SMS Karlsruhen, joka kuitenkin pakeni yhteenottoa suuremman nopeutensa turvin. 
Alus kuului joulukuun 1914 alussa kontra-amiraali Stoddartin osastoon, joka oli lähetetty tuhoamaan amiraali Maximilian von Speen laivasto-osasto kostoksi Coronelin taistelussa kärsitystä tappiosta. Se oli 8. joulukuuta hiilestämässä Port Stanleyssa, joten se ei osallistunut Falklandsaarten taisteluun. Alus valtasi yhdessä apuristeilijä HMS Macedonian kanssa myöhemmin kaksi saksalaisosastoon kuulunutta tukilaivaa. Alus ajoi joulukuun lopun takaa risteilijä SMS Dresdeniä, minkä jälkeen se liitettiin Välimeren laivastoon. 
Vuonna 1916 alus siirrettiin Adrianmeren laivueeseen Italian laivaston amiraalin alaisuuteen, jolloin se osallistui Otrantonsalmen taisteluun Itävalta-Unkarin laivastoa vastaan. Tämän jälkeen alus siirrettiin 1917 Etelä-Amerikan rannikolle partiointitehtäviin, josta se palasi kotivesille 1918. 
Bristol siirrettiin kesäkuussa 1919 Portsmouthissa reserviin, josta alus asetettiin poistolistalle toukokuussa 1920. Alus myytiin romutettavaksi 9. toukokuuta 1921 Wardille Hayleen. 
The Deadliest Atlantic Hurricane
1780 was among the worst years in history for North Atlantic hurricanes. The season kicked off in mid-June when a squall formed in the Caribbean and tore across St. Lucia and Puerto Rico. In August, two more storms struck the Caribbean islands and New Orleans, killing dozens of people and wrecking all the ships moored in the mouth of the Mississippi River. The month of September was relatively quiet, but October 3 brought the infamous Savanna-la-Mar hurricane, which drowned the coast of Jamaica in a deadly storm surge. “The sky on a sudden became very much overcast, and an uncommon elevation of the sea immediately followed,” British Colonel John Dalling later wrote. “Whilst the unhappy settlers…were observing this extraordinary phenomenon, the sea broke suddenly in upon the town, and on its retreat swept everything away with it, so as not to leave the smallest vestige of Man, Beast or House behind.”
While the Caribbean was still reeling from the effects of the Savanna-la-Mar storm, the behemoth that would become known as the “Great Hurricane” was brewing thousands of miles away in the Atlantic. Meteorologists are uncertain of its exact birthplace, but most believe it formed off the coast of West Africa near the Cape Verde Islands. The slow-moving storm system then migrated west, feeding off the warm waters near the equator and growing in size and strength. By October 9, it was looming just off the coast of Barbados and the other islands of the Lesser Antilles.
HMS Hector and HMS Bristol in the hurricane of 1780.
Since the Great Hurricane came long before the advent of modern storm tracking, the residents of the Caribbean had no warning of what was about to hit them. In Barbados, witnesses noted that October 9 was a particularly pleasant day, distinguished only by a brilliant blood-red sky in the evening. A light rain began to fall after sunset and continued throughout the night, giving way to downpours and gusting winds by midmorning. By nightfall on October 10, the entire island was in the grip of punishing winds typical of a category five hurricane. Houses creaked, swayed and then blew apart, and trees and shrubs were uprooted and thrown about like kindling. Many of the ships docked in the island’s harbors were swept out to sea or dashed against the shore. Witnesses later noted that the gales ripped the bark off felled trees𠅊 phenomenon believed to occur only when winds climb above 200 miles per hour.
“The very tone or sound of the wind was wound up to a pitch almost bordering upon a whistle,” British colonist William Senhouse later wrote. “Rain fell like a deluge, which added great weight to the wind and when driven in our faces felt like hail or small shot the thunder and lighting was tremendous and incessant.” In the capital city of Bridgetown, Governor James Cuninghame was forced to retreat to a basement cellar after the wind ripped his house’s roof away. When the cellar flooded, he and his family fled outside and passed an anxious night hiding under a cannon, terrified that at any moment it might blow over and crush them.
The Great Hurricane ravaged Barbados for most of late October 10 and early October 11. Sugar cane fields were flattened, and nearly all of the island’s buildings—including those made of stone—were blown away like houses of cards, leaving only pockmarked foundations behind. The island’s forts and military garrison were leveled, and one cannon was picked up and carried hundreds of feet by the wind. Many residents were buried beneath the rubble of their collapsed houses. Others were struck by flying debris or drowned when the rivers and streams flooded. “The most beautiful island in the world has the appearance of a country laid waste by fire, and sword,” British Admiral Sir George Rodney later wrote.
Drawing of Port Royal, Martinique from the 1750s.
Some 4,500 people lay dead on Barbados, but the island was only the first target in the Great Hurricane’s crosshairs. On October 11, the storm turned northwest and passed over the island of Saint Vincent, where it ripped apart over 500 houses. Nearby Saint Lucia was hit even harder. The hurricane pulverized the island for several hours, flooding its harbors and tossing one helpless ship on top of a hospital. In Port Castries, only two houses were left standing. Next to feel the storm’s wrath was Martinique, where screaming winds and a 25-foot storm surge claimed 9,000 lives and leveled a cathedral and a brand new hospital.
The destruction wasn’t limited to land. The storm came during the height of the American Revolution, when the French and Spanish were fighting a naval war against Britain for domination of the Caribbean islands. Both sides saw dozens of warships overwhelmed before they could escape to calmer seas. British Admiral Rodney lost several vessels at St. Lucia, and a Dutch flotilla of 19 ships sank after being thrown onto rocky shoals near Grenada. An even more horrific scene unfolded off the coast of Martinique, where the storm enveloped a 40-ship fleet of French supply ships. Nearly all the vessels were driven to the ocean floor or thrashed against the coastline, killing some 4,000 sailors.
After leveling Martinique, the Great Hurricane continued to drift north across the islands of Dominica, Guadeloupe and St. Kitts. At the Dutch colony of Saint Eustatius, a colossal sea surge killed an estimated 4,000 people. The storm then clipped Puerto Rico and Hispaniola on its way north toward the open ocean. It finally died down after reaching the chilly waters of the North Atlantic sometime after October 18, but not before striking tiny Bermuda, where it caused mass devastation and wrecked several dozen ships.
British Admiral Sir George Rodney described the devastation of the Great Hurricane.
The Great Hurricane left much of the eastern Caribbean in utter ruin. The misery only mounted in mid-October, when another massive hurricane struck a Spanish fleet in the Gulf of Mexico and caused 2,000 fatalities. The storms crippled the Caribbean’s sugar trade, and despite an outpouring of charitable donations and government aid from Britain and elsewhere, it took several years before many of the islands recovered. “The melancholy appearance of every person and thing, struck me with a degree of terror not easily to be described,” wrote a British colonist who arrived in Barbados in early 1781.
All told, an estimated 22,000 people lost their lives during the Great Hurricane of 1780. Because of the outbreaks of famine that followed—particularly among the islands’ slave population—some historians place the number closer to 30,000. To this day, it remains the deadliest Atlantic storm in recorded history.
We visited the Matthew after visiting the M Shed and were pleasantly surprised by the lovely little replica. The volunteers do an amazing job of the upkeep of the boat and are available for any questions you might have. It really is a wondrous little
We’ve just got back home and had a wonderful trip on The Matthew. The crew were fantastic and the fish and chips and wine were very welcome. The history talk was very informative. The weather was superb. What more could we have hoped for?
1st Earl of Bristol
John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol
John Hervey (1665-1751) followed his father Sir Thomas Hervey as MP for Bury St Edmunds. On 27 March 1702/3, he was raised to the Peerage of England as Baron Hervey of Ickworth in the County of Suffolk. On 19 October 1714 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Bristol in the Peerage of Great Britain. He married twice and fathered 20 children. He had a large impact in setting up the family for the next few hundred years. He married 2 heiresses who greatly contributed to the Bristol Estates. Firstly, he married Isabella Carre of Sleaford who brought in all the Lincolnshire estates, and secondly, he married Elizabeth Felton who helped increase the size of the Suffolk Estates but also brought in the Essex estates.
John, Lord Hervey
John, Lord Hervey (1696-1743), eldest son of the 1st Earl of Bristol, was a politician, courtier, writer and memoirist. He was Vice-Chamberlain of the Household and a member of the Privy Council. He became Lord Privy Seal in 1740. His memoirs of the Court of King George II from 1727-37 are some of the best written accounts of this period in existence, which also outline his close relationship with Queen Caroline. His father, 1st Earl of Bristol blamed his early death at the age of 47 on his fondness for “that detestable and poisonous plant, tea."
John, Lord Hervey was the father of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Earls of Bristol and General the Hon. Sir William Hervey.
2nd Earl of Bristol
George, 2nd Earl of Bristol (1721-75) was the eldest son of John, Lord Hervey. He held political office, firstly as Minister in Turin (1755-8) before becoming Ambassador to Madrid 1758-61. It was during this period where he commissioned a significant amount of Ambassadorial silver to signify his status and compete with other foreign ambassadors of the time.
He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1766-7, and it was thanks to his influence here that his younger brother Frederick (later 4th Earl of Bristol) was elevated to Bishop of Cloyne in 1767. A large monument was erected at Downhill, the house in Ireland built by the 4th Earl in memory of his elder brother. After Ireland the 2nd Earl became Lord Privy Seal (1768-70), a position his father had held some 30 years earlier.
3rd Earl of Bristol
Augustus, 3rd Earl of Bristol
The 2nd Earl was succeeded by his brother Augustus John Hervey as 3rd Earl of Bristol (1724- 79). The 3rd Earl was a vice-admiral of the Royal Navy and a politician. He served as Chief Secretary for Ireland 1766-67. In the Royal Navy he commanded the HMS Phoenix at the Battle of Minorca in May 1756, as well as HMS Dragon at the Capture of Belle Île in June 1761, the Invasion of Martinique in January 1762, and the Battle of Havana in June 1762 during the Seven Years’ War. He went on to be First Naval Lord 1771-75. He was known as the English Casanova, due to his colourful personal life, which by his own account included deflowering a dozen Portuguese nuns.
4th Earl of Bristol
Frederick, 4th Earl of Bristol
The 3rd Earl was succeeded by his next younger brother, Frederick, who became the 4th Earl of Bristol (1730-1803). The 4th Earl of Bristol served as Bishop of Cloyne from 1767 to 1768 and as Bishop of Derry from 1768 to 1803. He is commonly known as the Earl Bishop. The majority of the hotels around the world bearing the name ‘Hotel Bristol’ are named after him, including the Bristol hotels in Paris and Vienna. It is said that Lord Bristol’s love of travelling and luxury inspired the fashion for naming a hotel the Hotel Bristol. The implication being that if Lord Bristol were in town, that is where he would stay. Sir Jonah Barrington described him as ‘a man of elegant erudition, extensive learning, and an enlightened and classical, but eccentric mind: bold, ardent, and versatile he dazzled the vulgar by ostentatious state, and worked upon the gentry by ease and condescension.’ He was passionate about art and architectural design. He built 2 large houses in Ireland: Downhill, and Ballyscullion before designing and commencing Ickworth House in Suffolk. Unusually as an English protestant bishop in Ireland at the time he believed in complete religious equality, giving no preference to one religion over another. In 1799 he also became the fifth Baron Howard de Walden when the abeyance of this peerage was terminated. He married Elizabeth, sister and heir of Sir Charles Davers, 6th Baronet (1737–1807), and great-granddaughter of Thomas Jermyn, 2nd Baron Jermyn, nephew of Henry Jermyn, 1st Baron Jermyn.
5th Earl and 1st Marquess of Bristol
Frederick William Hervey, 1st Marquess of Bristol
Upon the 4th Earl's death in 1803, the title passed to his son Frederick who became the 5th Earl of Bristol (1769-1859). He was a politician, MP for Bury St Edmunds, and served as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1801-03. In 1826 he was created Marquess of Bristol and Earl Jermyn, of Horningsheath in the County of Suffolk. He had a fractured relationship with his father, choosing a life of responsibility and long-term gains over short term highs. He had a significant impact in strengthening the family position and estates, helping those less fortunate than him, as well as completing the building of Ickworth.
5th Marquess of Bristol
Herbert, 5th Marquess of Bristol
Lord Herbert Hervey 1870-1960 (father of Victor, 6th Marquess of Bristol, and grandfather of the present Marquess of Bristol) became 5th Marquess of Bristol in later life after the death of his older brother Frederick, 4th Marquess of Bristol in 1951. The 5th Marquess spent a large part of his working life abroad, in particular in South America. He was Consul to Chile in 1892, Consul in Abyssinia 1907-9, Minister and Consul-General to Columbia 1919-23, and Minister to Peru and Ecuador from 1923 to 1929. He married Lady Jean Cochrane, daughter of Douglas, 12th Earl of Dundonald, and great granddaughter of the famous Thomas Admiral Lord Cochrane (later 10th Earl of Dundonald). Lord Cochrane, nicknamed by Napoleon, ‘the sea wolf’, successful in virtually all his naval actions, helped lead the navies of Chile and Brazil in their fight for independence. Patrick O’Brian is believed to have based his protagonist Jack Aubrey on him.
The present head of the family is Frederick, 8th Marquess of Bristol, who married Meredith Dunn of Weston, Massachusetts in 2018. They have a daughter, Lady Arabella Hervey, born on 8th March 2020.List of site sources >>>